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**What is Accuracy?**

Accuracy refers to the closeness of a measurement or observation to the true or accepted value of a quantity. In other words, accuracy measures how correct or true a measurement is. A measurement is considered accurate if it is close to the true value, indicating that there is minimal systematic error in the measurement process.

For example, if a scale is calibrated to measure the weight of an object as 100 grams, and it consistently measures the weight of that object as 99.8 grams, then it is considered accurate because the measured value is very close to the true value of 100 grams.

**What is Precision?**

Precision, on the other hand, refers to the level of consistency or reproducibility of measurements or observations when repeated multiple times. Precision measures the degree of scatter or variation among individual measurements taken under the same conditions. A measurement is considered precise if the individual values are close to each other, indicating low random error in the measurement process.

Using the same example of weighing an object on a scale, if the scale consistently measures the weight of the object as 99.8 grams each time it is weighed, then it is considered precise because the measurements are consistent and close to each other.

## Difference Between Accuracy And Precision

Aspect | Accuracy | Precision |
---|---|---|

Definition | Refers to the closeness of a measurement to the true value. | Refers to the consistency or reproducibility of measurements. |

Focus | Correctness | Consistency |

Error | Systematic error | Random error |

Example | A scale consistently measures the weight of an object as 99.8 grams when its true weight is 100 grams. | A scale consistently measures the weight of an object as 99.8 grams each time it is weighed, but the true weight of the object is 105 grams. |

## FAQs

**1. How do accuracy and precision differ?**

- Accuracy refers to how close a measured value is to the true or accepted value of a quantity, while precision refers to the level of consistency or reproducibility of measurements when repeated multiple times.

**2. Can a measurement be accurate but not precise?**

- Yes, a measurement can be accurate but not precise. For example, if a scale consistently measures the weight of an object as 99.8 grams when its true weight is 100 grams, it is accurate but not precise.

**3. What about precision without accuracy?**

- Similarly, a measurement can be precise but not accurate. For instance, if a scale consistently measures the weight of an object as 99.8 grams each time it is weighed, but the true weight of the object is 105 grams, it is precise but not accurate.

**4. How can I improve accuracy and precision?**

- To improve accuracy, ensure that your measurements are as close to the true value as possible by minimizing systematic errors. To enhance precision, focus on reducing random errors and increasing the consistency of measurements through calibration and standardization.

**5. Why are accuracy and precision important?**

- Accuracy and precision are crucial in various fields, including science, engineering, medicine, and manufacturing, as they ensure reliable and trustworthy results, minimize waste and errors, and support informed decision-making.