**What are Factors?**

Factors are the integers that can be multiplied together to produce a given number. In simpler terms, factors are the building blocks or divisors of a number. Every whole number has at least two factors: 1 and the number itself.

**Example: Factors of 24**

- The factors of 24 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, and 24.
- Factor pairs: (1, 24), (2, 12), (3, 8), (4, 6).

**How to Find Factors of a Number?**

**Finding Factors of a Number: A Step-by-Step Guide**

Finding the factors of a number involves identifying all the whole numbers that can evenly divide the given number. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you find the factors of any number:

**Step 1: Start with 1 and the Number Itself**

- Every whole number has at least two factors: 1 and the number itself.

**Step 2: Check for Small Factors**

- Begin with the smallest possible factor, 2.
- Test if the number is divisible by 2. If yes, 2 is a factor.
- Repeat this process with 3, 4, 5, and so on, until you reach a point where the quotient becomes greater than the divisor.

**Step 3: Factor Pairs**

- As you identify factors, note them down.
- Look for factor pairs. For example, if 3 is a factor, then \(\frac{n}{3} \) is also a factor.

**Step 4: Stop at the Square Root**

- You only need to check factors up to the square root of the number.
- This is because if a number has a factor larger than its square root, it must also have a corresponding factor smaller than the square root.

**Step 5: List All Factors**

- Compile a list of all the factors you have found.

**Example: Finding Factors of 24**

- Start with 1 and 24.
- Check for factors: 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8.
- Factor pairs: (1, 24), (2, 12), (3, 8), (4, 6).
- Stop at the square root of 24, which is approximately 4.9.
- List all factors: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, and 24.

**Tips:**

- Use divisibility rules for common divisors (e.g., divisibility by 2, 3, 5).
- Be systematic in testing potential factors.
- Factorization can be helpful in identifying factors quickly.