# Metric Conversion Chart

A Metric Conversion Chart is a handy reference tool that assists in converting between different units within the metric system. It is particularly useful for simplifying calculations involving length, mass, volume, temperature, and more. Below is a comprehensive Metric Conversion Chart with explanations for each category.

## Metric Conversion Chart for Length

### Metric Length Units:

• Kilometer (km): A kilometer is equal to 1,000 meters.
• Meter (m): A meter is the base unit of length in the metric system.
• Decimeter (dm): 1 meter is equal to 10 decimeters.
• Centimeter (cm): 1 meter is equal to 100 centimeters.
• Millimeter (mm): 1 meter is equal to 1,000 millimeters.

### Length Conversions:

• Kilometers (km) to Meters (m): 1 km = 1,000 m. To convert from kilometers to meters, multiply the value by 1,000.
• Meters (m) to Kilometers (km): 1 m = 0.001 km. To convert from meters to kilometers, divide the value by 1,000.
• Meters (m) to Centimeters (cm): 1 m = 100 cm. To convert from meters to centimeters, multiply the value by 100.
• Centimeters (cm) to Meters (m): 1 cm = 0.01 m. To convert from centimeters to meters, divide the value by 100.
• Centimeters (cm) to Millimeters (mm): 1 cm = 10 mm. To convert from centimeters to millimeters, multiply the value by 10.
• Millimeters (mm) to Centimeters (cm): 1 mm = 0.1 cm. To convert from millimeters to centimeters, divide the value by 10. ## Metric Conversion Chart for Area

### Metric Area Units and Conversion Factors:

1. Square Kilometer (km²):
• 1 square kilometer (km²) is equal to 1,000,000 square meters (m²).
2. Square Meter (m²):
• 1 square meter (m²) is equal to 1 square meter (m²). (This is the base unit.)
3. Square Decimeter (dm²):
• 1 square meter (m²) is equal to 100 square decimeters (dm²).
4. Square Centimeter (cm²):
• 1 square meter (m²) is equal to 10,000 square centimeters (cm²).
5. Square Millimeter (mm²):
• 1 square meter (m²) is equal to 1,000,000 square millimeters (mm²).

### Area Conversions:

• Square Kilometers (km²) to Square Meters (m²): To convert square kilometers to square meters, multiply the value in square kilometers by 1,000,000.
• Square Meters (m²) to Square Kilometers (km²): To convert square meters to square kilometers, divide the value in square meters by 1,000,000.
• Square Meters (m²) to Square Centimeters (cm²): To convert square meters to square centimeters, multiply the value in square meters by 10,000.
• Square Centimeters (cm²) to Square Meters (m²): To convert square centimeters to square meters, divide the value in square centimeters by 10,000.
• Square Centimeters (cm²) to Square Millimeters (mm²): To convert square centimeters to square millimeters, multiply the value in square centimeters by 100.
• Square Millimeters (mm²) to Square Centimeters (cm²): To convert square millimeters to square centimeters, divide the value in square millimeters by 100. ## Metric Conversion Chart for Volume

### Metric Volume Units and Conversion Factors:

1. Liter (L):
• 1 liter (L) is equal to 1,000 milliliters (mL).
2. Cubic Meter (m³):
• 1 cubic meter (m³) is equal to 1,000 liters (L).
3. Cubic Centimeter (cm³):
• 1 cubic centimeter (cm³) is equal to 1 milliliter (mL). These two are equivalent measures.

### Volume Conversions:

• Liters (L) to Milliliters (mL): To convert liters to milliliters, multiply the value in liters by 1,000.
• Milliliters (mL) to Liters (L): To convert milliliters to liters, divide the value in milliliters by 1,000.
• Cubic Meters (m³) to Liters (L): To convert cubic meters to liters, multiply the value in cubic meters by 1,000.
• Liters (L) to Cubic Meters (m³): To convert liters to cubic meters, divide the value in liters by 1,000.
• Cubic Meters (m³) to Cubic Centimeters (cm³): To convert cubic meters to cubic centimeters, multiply the value in cubic meters by 1,000,000.
• Cubic Centimeters (cm³) to Cubic Meters (m³): To convert cubic centimeters to cubic meters, divide the value in cubic centimeters by 1,000,000.

## Volume in Liquid Conversion Chart

### Metric Liquid Volume Units and Conversion Factors:

1. Milliliter (mL):
• 1 milliliter (mL) is equal to 1 milliliter (mL). (This is the base unit for liquid volume in the metric system.)
2. Centiliter (cL):
• 1 centiliter (cL) is equal to 10 milliliters (mL).
3. Deciliter (dL):
• 1 deciliter (dL) is equal to 100 milliliters (mL).
4. Liter (L):
• 1 liter (L) is equal to 1,000 milliliters (mL).
5. Hectoliter (hL):
• 1 hectoliter (hL) is equal to 100 liters (L).

### Liquid Volume Conversions:

• Milliliters (mL) to Centiliters (cL): To convert milliliters to centiliters, divide the value in milliliters by 10.
• Centiliters (cL) to Milliliters (mL): To convert centiliters to milliliters, multiply the value in centiliters by 10.
• Milliliters (mL) to Deciliters (dL): To convert milliliters to deciliters, divide the value in milliliters by 100.
• Deciliters (dL) to Milliliters (mL): To convert deciliters to milliliters, multiply the value in deciliters by 100.
• Milliliters (mL) to Liters (L): To convert milliliters to liters, divide the value in milliliters by 1,000.
• Liters (L) to Milliliters (mL): To convert liters to milliliters, multiply the value in liters by 1,000.
• Liters (L) to Hectoliters (hL): To convert liters to hectoliters, divide the value in liters by 100.
• Hectoliters (hL) to Liters (L): To convert hectoliters to liters, multiply the value in hectoliters by 100.

## Metric Conversion Chart for Weight

### Metric Weight Units and Conversion Factors:

1. Gram (g):
• 1 gram (g) is equal to 1 gram (g). (This is the base unit for weight in the metric system.)
2. Decigram (dg):
• 1 decigram (dg) is equal to 10 grams (g).
3. Centigram (cg):
• 1 centigram (cg) is equal to 100 grams (g).
4. Kilogram (kg):
• 1 kilogram (kg) is equal to 1,000 grams (g).
5. Metric Ton (t):
• 1 metric ton (t) is equal to 1,000 kilograms (kg) or 1,000,000 grams (g).

### Weight Conversions:

• Grams (g) to Decigrams (dg): To convert grams to decigrams, multiply the value in grams by 10.
• Decigrams (dg) to Grams (g): To convert decigrams to grams, divide the value in decigrams by 10.
• Grams (g) to Centigrams (cg): To convert grams to centigrams, multiply the value in grams by 100.
• Centigrams (cg) to Grams (g): To convert centigrams to grams, divide the value in centigrams by 100.
• Grams (g) to Kilograms (kg): To convert grams to kilograms, divide the value in grams by 1,000.
• Kilograms (kg) to Grams (g): To convert kilograms to grams, multiply the value in kilograms by 1,000.
• Kilograms (kg) to Metric Tons (t): To convert kilograms to metric tons, divide the value in kilograms by 1,000.
• Metric Tons (t) to Kilograms (kg): To convert metric tons to kilograms, multiply the value in metric tons by 1,000.

## Metric Conversion Chart for Temperature

### Temperature Units and Conversion Formulas:

1. Celsius (°C):
• Celsius is a metric temperature unit based on the freezing and boiling points of water at 0°C and 100°C, respectively.
2. Fahrenheit (°F):
• To convert from Celsius to Fahrenheit: °F = (°C × 9/5) + 32
• To convert from Fahrenheit to Celsius: °C = (°F – 32) × 5/9

### Temperature Conversions:

• Celsius (°C) to Fahrenheit (°F): To convert temperatures from Celsius to Fahrenheit, use the formula °F = (°C × 9/5) + 32.
• Fahrenheit (°F) to Celsius (°C): To convert temperatures from Fahrenheit to Celsius, use the formula °C = (°F – 32) × 5/9.

## Metric Conversion Chart for Time

### Time Units and Conversion Factors:

1. Second (s):
• 1 second (s) is equal to 1 second (s). (This is the base unit for time in the metric system.)
2. Millisecond (ms):
• 1 millisecond (ms) is equal to 1,000 seconds (s).
3. Microsecond (µs):
• 1 microsecond (µs) is equal to 1,000,000 seconds (s).
4. Nanosecond (ns):
• 1 nanosecond (ns) is equal to 1,000,000,000 seconds (s).

### Time Conversions:

• Seconds (s) to Milliseconds (ms): To convert seconds to milliseconds, multiply the value in seconds by 1,000.
• Milliseconds (ms) to Seconds (s): To convert milliseconds to seconds, divide the value in milliseconds by 1,000.
• Seconds (s) to Microseconds (µs): To convert seconds to microseconds, multiply the value in seconds by 1,000,000.
• Microseconds (µs) to Seconds (s): To convert microseconds to seconds, divide the value in microseconds by 1,000,000.
• Seconds (s) to Nanoseconds (ns): To convert seconds to nanoseconds, multiply the value in seconds by 1,000,000,000.
• Nanoseconds (ns) to Seconds (s): To convert nanoseconds to seconds, divide the value in nanoseconds by 1,000,000,000.

## Solved Examples on Metric Conversion

###### Example 1: Convert 4.5 meters to centimeters.

Solution: To convert from meters to centimeters, we know that 1 meter is equal to 100 centimeters. So, we can use this conversion factor:

4.5 meters × 100 centimeters/meter = 450 centimeters

Answer: 4.5 meters is equal to 450 centimeters.

###### Example 2: Convert 3.2 kilograms to grams.

Solution: To convert from kilograms to grams, we know that 1 kilogram is equal to 1,000 grams. So, we can use this conversion factor:

3.2 kilograms × 1,000 grams/kilogram = 3,200 grams

Answer: 3.2 kilograms is equal to 3,200 grams.

###### Example 3: Convert 750 milliliters to liters.

Solution: To convert from milliliters to liters, we know that 1 liter is equal to 1,000 milliliters. So, we can use this conversion factor:

750 milliliters ÷ 1,000 milliliters/liter = 0.75 liters

Answer: 750 milliliters is equal to 0.75 liters.

###### Example 4: Convert 30 degrees Celsius to Fahrenheit.

Solution: To convert from Celsius to Fahrenheit, we use the formula: °F = (°C × 9/5) + 32.

°F = (30 × 9/5) + 32 = 86 + 32 = 118

Answer: 30 degrees Celsius is equal to 118 degrees Fahrenheit.

###### Example 5: Convert 2.5 seconds to milliseconds.

Solution: To convert from seconds to milliseconds, we know that 1 second is equal to 1,000 milliseconds. So, we can use this conversion factor:

2.5 seconds × 1,000 milliseconds/second = 2,500 milliseconds

Answer: 2.5 seconds is equal to 2,500 milliseconds.